Shock, Sepsis & Lactate

An elderly man presents to resus having deteriorated following a course of antibiotics for pneumonia, 4 weeks after insertion of a pacemaker. He is tachycardic and pyrexial. Simple sepsis?…

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Seeing red (flags)

A 56-year-old plumber presents to the ED with a 24-hour history of worsening lower back pain after lifting some heavy bags of cement…

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Acute Lower Back Pain

Low back pain is a very common problem and it is estimated that 80% of the population suffer from it at some stage of their life. It is also a common presentation to emergency departments…

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