Eye injuries

The retinal vessels may be affected by systemic air embolism and this may be directly visible on fundoscopic examination.

Patients complain of blurred vision. Hemi- or quadrantopias may be discovered on visual field testing.

The presence of primary blast injury to the eye itself implies exposure to massive blast forces and these injuries are rare in survivors. Risk to the eye continues to be from flying debris (secondary blast injury) [15].

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