Exanthems and Enanthems

Common childhood rashes fall into two categories:


Exanthems are eruptive skin rashes associated with a fever or other constitutional symptoms. They commonly arise from an infectious disease, but can also be drug-related.


Enanthems are eruptive lesions on the mucous membranes occurring as a symptom of disease.

Learning bite

Whilst Vaccination programmes have resulted in a reduction in the occurrence of many childhood illnesses, Emergency Clinicians should still be aware of common childhood exanthems, as well as newer types such as Gianotti-Crosti Syndrome.

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