Key Learning Points

  1. An elementary echo view is more reliable than a manual pulse check in cardiac arrest
  2. majority of EP’s gain an informative cardiac view within the 10 second pulse check window
  3. requires the acquisition of a sub xiphoid view, plus one other cardiac view, together with an assessment of the IVC
  4. dilated non-collapsing IVC implies that the patient is well/over filled, or that there is an obstructive aetiology, whereas a narrow fully collapsing IVC suggests an under-filled patient
  5. Move the patient onto the left side if not in cardiac arrest and if feasible to improve views
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