Causes of Stress Fractures

Stress fractures are caused by overuse in the absence of a specific traumatic event. They are most common in young people especially:

  • Military recruits
  • Runners
  • Sportsmen and women
  • Dancers

In the foot, stress fractures are most common in the 2nd MT but also occur in the 5th MT (Jones fracture).

In patients with osteoporosis, similar injuries occur without overuse and are called insufficiency fractures.