Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) encompass a range of presentations including unstable angina (UA), non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Myocardial infarction (MI) is defined pathologically as myocardial cell death following prolonged ischaemia [1]. In the context of cardiac marker rise, ST segment changes on the ECG will define either STEMI or NSTEMI. At the time of presentation, however, cardiac marker status is unknown and classification of patients presenting with ischaemic chest pain is based largely on the ECG. Most patients with ST elevation progress to STEMI and their management is the subject of this session. Patients with chest pain and other ECG changes or with a normal ECG are the subjects of other Learning Zone sessions.

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Dr Nkosinathi Wordsworth Magubane October 27, 2022 at 4:41 am

This module was the most clinically relevant and informative session for me and it has enhanced my knowledge and confidence even further as an ED Physician.

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