Definition and Pathophysiology

A detailed summary of the anatomy and physiology of labour can be found by going here.

For the purposes of this article, we will divide the mechanism of labour into 3 stages as outlined by NICE3:

Learning bites

  • Labour can be divided into 3 main stages based on cervical changes and contractions.
  • Delivery of the baby will occur during the active second stage of labour
  • Preparations for patient transfer/delivery should take this into consideration depending on the stage of labour.
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