Initial Assessment

The initial assessment of the patient presenting with an elbow injury should consist of a history, the key points of which include the:

  • Mechanism of injury (particularly important in paediatric injuries when non-accidental injury should be considered)
  • Onset and location of pain
  • Associated symptoms, including sensory disturbance and proximal or distal limb pain
  • History of previous elbow injury


The history of the injury should be taken prior to examination.