Prevention and Prophylaxis

NICE recommend good hygiene practices and avoiding dehydration to reduce the risk of UTIs [9].

Antibiotic prophylaxis in children used to be commonplace following a UTI. However, there is no strong evidence to support this routinely, and it carries increased risks of antimicrobial resistance and has an impact of patients’ quality of life [9].

NICE now recommend that antibiotic prophylaxis only be started under specialist guidance, and when other management options have been unsuccessful [9].

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