Impact Factors

While interpreting the subject’s behaviour, one should consider impact factors (situational factors that render a situation more or less dangerous).

Table 1: Impact Factors
Impact Factors Description
Gender/age/size/strength Relative size compared to yours
Previous knowledge/history Someone who has been violent before is more likely to be violent again
Alcohol/drugs Reduces the subject’s ability to reason. It may cause a loss of control making an assault more likely
Special skills A martial arts practitioner or boxer will know how to respondmore efficiently and with greater effect
Imminent danger Behaviour indicating imminent assault
Position of disadvantage No route of escape, or a barrier between you and the aggressor
Environment Difficulties in access and egress, no other support available
Weapons Production of weapons or availability of weapons of opportunity